During the first three years of the life of the child, the bases of future development are established. Montessori calls this period the “spiritual embryo”, during which the child carries out in the psychological sphere what the embryo already carried out in the physical sphere. This process is achieved thanks to the “absorbent mind” of the child, which incorporates experiences, relationships, emotions, images, language and culture, through their senses and simply by living. These life experiences shape their brain, creating neural networks that have the potential to remain on the person throughout their life. In this stage from birth to 3 years of age, Montessori education concentrates on the development of speech, coordinated movement and independence, which give the child confidence and allow them to discover their own potential and their place within a community..
From 3 to 6 years of age the curriculum is divided into four areas of work.
These are activities that promote caring for themselves, for the others and for the physical environment in which they live. The activities include tasks that are familiar to children: washing, polishing, setting the table, arranging vases, etc. Activities of “grace and courtesy” that characterized all civilized beings. Through these and other activities, the coordination and control of movement and exploration of the environment is achieved. Children learn to carry out a task from start to finish, they develop their will, their self-discipline, the ability to concentrate and confidence in themselves.
The materials help children to learn and understand mathematical concepts by working with specific materials, which intuitively lead them towards abstract concepts. They offer them sensorial impressions of the numbers and lay the foundations for algebra and geometry.
The curriculum in the classroom of 6 to 12 year old children presents a historical, evolutionary and integrated view of knowledge and human development. It includes five great lessons or fundamental lessons from which specific studies are developed in different areas. The lessons are designed to awaken the imagination, curiosity and admiration for the creative and innovative capacity of the human spirit.
|Great Lessons||Specific Studies|
|Coming of the universe and the Earth||Astronomy, meteorology, chemistry, physics, geology and geography|
|Coming of life||Biology, botany, environment, evolution of life and zoology|
|Coming of human beings||History, culture, social studies, scientific discovery and invention|
|Communication by signs||Reading, writing, linguistics, language structures and literature|
|The story of numbers||Mathematics, origin of numbers, number systems and geometry|